Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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Lynch S.;Horgan K.;Walls D.;White B.
Selenised yeast sources differ in their capacity to protect porcine jejunal epithelial cells from cadmium-induced toxicity and oxidised DNA damage
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Cadmium Comet assay Selenium yeast TUNEL
© 2018 Springer Nature B.V. In recent years there has been increasing interest in the use of selenised yeast (Se-Y) as an antioxidant feed supplement. Here, three selenised yeast products are differentiated in terms of bioefficiency and the ameliorative effect on Cadmium (Cd) toxicity in porcine epithelial cells. A porcine digestion in vitro model was chosen to more accurately simulate the bioavailability of different Se-Y preparations, allowing a comprehensive understanding of the bio efficiency of each Se-Y compound in the porcine model. To elucidate a possible mechanism of action of selenium a number of bioassays were applied. Levels of Se dependent antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase) were evaluated to analyze the ROS neutralizing capacity of each Se-Y compound. The effects of Se-Y sources on Cd-induced DNA damage and apoptosis-associated DNA fragmentation was assessed using comet and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assays, respectively. Lesion-specific DNA damage analysis and in vitro DNA repair assay determined the DNA repair capacity of each Se-Y source. The results presented in this study confirm that the ability of different commercially available Se-Y preparations to enhance a range of cellular mechanisms that protect porcine gut epithelial cells from Cd-induced damage is concentration-dependent and illustrates the difference in bioefficiency of different Se-Y compounds.
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