Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Clarke, N;Gallagher, P;Kearney, PM;McNamara, D;Sharp, L
2016
December
Psycho-Oncology
Impact of gender on decisions to participate in faecal immunochemical test-based colorectal cancer screening: a qualitative study
Published
4 ()
Optional Fields
OCCULT BLOOD-TESTS METAANALYSIS FATALISM COLONOSCOPY AVOIDANCE ADHERENCE BARRIERS BEHAVIOR WOMEN RATES
25
1456
1462
Objective: Faecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are increasingly being used in population-based colorectal cancer-screening programmes. Uptake of FIT is lower in men than women; however, the reasons for this are not well understood. We aimed to explore gender differences in influences on decisions to participate in FIT screening. Methods: This is a qualitative study using in-depth face-to-face interviews of four groups of screening invitees (male and female screening users and male and female screening non-users), purposively sampled from the database of a population-based FIT screening programme. Recruitment continued until saturation was reached. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis using the framework approach was employed with the theoretical domains framework guiding analysis. Results: Forty-seven screening invitees were interviewed. Six theoretical domains influenced screening uptake: 'environmental context and resources', 'beliefs about capabilities', 'beliefs about consequences', 'emotions', 'social influences' and 'knowledge'. Male non-users were often fatalistic, less knowledgeable and misinformed about cancer and FIT screening compared with other groups. Female non-users expressed negative attitudes, beliefs and emotions towards FIT screening, cancer, social influences and the medical profession and were over-confident about their health. Conclusions: Negative attitudes and emotions to screening dominated non-user decision-making but differed by gender. Opportunities to improve uptake in men and women exist. Greater national discussions on the benefits of FIT screening, and development of screening materials tackling negative attitudes and beliefs while recognising male/female differences, may improve screening uptake. Copyright (C) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
HOBOKEN
1057-9249
10.1002/pon.4085
Grant Details