Molecular junctions incorporating monolayers of surface-active cyclodextrins have been formed by bringing macroscopic platinum and mercury electrodes together. Monolayers of the host di-6A,6B-deoxy-6-(4-pyridylmethyl)amino-gamma-cyclodextrin (CD) have been formed on platinum electrodes and backfilled with 1-nonanethiol. Significantly, the tunneling current for bilayer junctions in which the mercury surface is modified with a C(16) alkane thiol depends markedly on the nature of the CD guest. Junctions where nonconjugated guests, such as adamantane, are included in the CD show an order of magnitude lower current than junctions incorporating the conjugated guest C(60). Moreover, monolayer junctions of CD backfilled with 1-nonanethiol exhibit potential-dependent currents in the presence of CD guest molecule [Co(biptpy)(2)](2+) but not for (Co(tpy)(2)](2+), which is structurally analogous but cannot associate with CD. Significantly, unlike bilayer systems, when only one electrode is modified, mechanical pressure is required to form a stable tunneling junction and these junctions cannot be formed and separated reversibly.